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Furniture Styles
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Jacobean (1600-1690)

Jacobean is an English style of furniture, which is medieval in appearance with straight lines, rigid designs, sturdy construction, ornate carvings, and a dark finish. Much of Early American furniture was patterned after this style.

Sturdy - Straight lines and a heavy proportion.

(Arts and Craft style shown)

Chair Arms
Slopes to front posts - Arms slope down to meet posts from the seat.

Chair Back Material
Wood - Wood chair back.

Chair Back Shape
Solid - One piece or solid panel chair back.

Chair Leg Shape
Round - Round, usually shaped or turned leg.
Straight - Straight leg, vertical to chair seat.
Simple turning - turned leg with a few types of turnings.

Chair Seat Material
Rush - Woven rush.
Wood - Various types of wood.

Chair Seat Shape
Square - Square shaped seat.

Drawer Pull
Brass Knob - Mushroom-shaped brass knob.
Tear Drop - Tear-drop shaped pull attached by a knob to a back plate. The back plate is usually circular, oval, or diamond shaped.

Leather - Material made from the tanning of animal hides.
Velvet - Woven pile fabric that is soft and sturdy, often made of silk with blends of cotton, nylon, and rayon.

Oil Varnish - Clear finish that emphasized the grain of the wood.
Wax - Paste finish over a sealer, stain, or bare wood.

Block - Flat-surfaced foot.
Bun - Rounded foot, flatter than a ball foot.
Continuation of leg - Leg does not terminate into a foot.

Hardware Material
Brass - Yellowish metal made from copper and zinc.
Iron - Grayish-brown metal with a dull finish.

Mortise and tenon - Wood joint in which a projecting tenon of one board is fitted into a mortise or hole of another board.

Straight - Straight lines.

Acanthus leaf - Conventionalized leaf.
Acorns - Turned form often used as finials on chair and bed posts, and leg turnings.
Carved Head - Carved front view of a human head.
Diamond - A figure with four equal sides and two obtuse angles.
Geometric - A figure made of squares, circles, and triangles.

Banding - Thin strips of contrasting veneer used as a decorative border or edging.
Carving - Cutting or chipping the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Paneling - Raised, recessed, and framed panels.

Heavy - Sturdy, thick dimensions.

(Chippendale style shown)

Heavy - Sturdy stretchers.

(Jacobean style shown)

Black Walnut - Dark brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.
Oak - Gray-brown American hardwood.

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