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Furniture Styles
Early American
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Georgian (1714-1760)

The Georgian style is a more ornate version of Queen Anne with heavier proportions, elaborately carved cabriole legs terminating in a pad or ball-and-claw foot, ornate carvings, pierced back splats and the use of gilding. It is named after George I and George II who reigned England from 1714-1760.

Heavily Ornamented - Elaborate ornamentation.

(Art Nouveau style shown)

Chair Arms
Outward Flare - Arms have slight outward curve.

Chair Back Material
Upholstered - Cushioned and fabric covered.
Wood - Solid wood, horizontal slats, vertical slats, or vertical splats.

Chair Back Shape
Pierced - Carved or pierced central splat.

Chair Leg
Cabriole - Curved leg in the shape of an animal's leg. The cabriole leg increased the stability of seating pieces and reduced the need for underbracing.
Decorated Cabriole - Cabriole leg with decorative carving, usually on the knee.

Chair Seat Material
Upholstered - Cushioned and covered with fabric.

Chair Seat Shape
Horseshoe - Horseshoe shaped seat with a rounded front.
Square - Square shaped seat.

Drawer Pull
Bat Wing Plate with Bail - Bat shaped solid or pierced cast brass back plate with a bail handle. The size of the backplate varies from 2.75 to 4.5 inches wide by 2 to 3.25 inches high.

Mohair - Fabric made from the angora goat.
Tapestry - Heavy weight fabric with decorative designs.
Velvet - Woven pile fabric that is soft and sturdy, often made of silk with blends of cotton, nylon, and rayon.

Gilding - Gold leaf.
Oil Varnish - Clear finish that emphasizes the grain of the wood.

Ball and Claw - Carved claw grasping a ball.
Block - Flat-surfaced foot.
Bun - Rounded foot, flatter than a ball foot.
Pad - Simple, rounded carved foot.
Paw or Claw - Carved animal paw or claw.

Hardware Material
Brass - Yellowish metal made from copper and zinc.

Dovetail - An interlocking wood joint in which a series of wedge-shaped projections fits into a series of alternating grooves.

Cyma or S-Curve - S-shaped curve, partly concave and partly convex.
Straight - Straight lines.

Acanthus leaf - Conventionalized leaf.
Eagle - National emblem of the United States.
Lion Head - Front view of a lion's head.
Mask - Carved face of a human being, animal, or mythical creature.
Oriental Patterns - Oriental figures, usually painted or lacquered.
Scroll - Form that resembles a roll of parchment paper.
Shell - Fan shaped shell.

Carving - Cutting or chipping the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Oriental Lacquerwork - A lacquer surface on which designs are drawn in gold or color; also referred to as Japanning or chinoiserie

Heavy - Sturdy, thick dimensions.

(Chippendale style shown)

Limited Use - Limited use of stretchers.

(Queen Anne style shown)

Ash - Whitish-gray American hardwood with similar graining to oak.
Black Walnut - Dark brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.
Elm - Red-brown American hardwood.
Fruitwood - Pink-brown American hardwood, including apple and pear.
Hickory - Red-brown American hardwood.
Mahogany - Red-brown South American and African hardwood.
Maple - Golden to Red-brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.

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